Selecting Auto Insurance: A Step-by-Step Guide

Selecting Auto Insurance: Are you aware of the process of choosing auto insurance? If not, we are here to help you!

In the United States, it is a legal requirement for licensed drivers to demonstrate their ability to cover any damages or liabilities they may incur as a result of a vehicle accident.

In most states, drivers must have automobile insurance as proof that they have met this requirement. While some states, like New Hampshire and Virginia, do not mandate auto insurance, they may allow drivers to post a bond to cover liability and damage costs in auto accidents.

In all 50 states, drivers must have the means to cover losses, with most states requiring auto insurance as evidence of financial responsibility.

Despite this mandatory nature, drivers have a variety of choices when it comes to the amount and type of insurance coverage as well as the choice of insurance company.

Navigating through these options can be overwhelming. To help you through this process, here is some information that can guide you in choosing the right auto insurance coverage.

Legal Obligations

A driver must demonstrate the capacity to cover damages or liabilities in the event of a vehicle crash.

In most U.S. In many states, having automobile insurance is mandatory as proof of this capability. However, there are exceptions:

New Hampshire

Drivers in New Hampshire are liable for damages in a car accident up to $50,000 for liability and $25,000 for property damage. Failure to pay results in the suspension of licenses and registrations.


In Virginia, drivers have the option to pay the state $500 annually rather than purchasing car insurance. However, this does not exempt them from the responsibility of covering liability or property damage in a car crash.

Some states allow drivers to submit a bond as evidence of their ability to cover liability and damage costs, thus avoiding the need to purchase automobile insurance.

The bond amount is determined by the state, and in some cases, a cash deposit can serve as evidence of financial responsibility.

In states where bonds are accepted to cover driver liability, the bond covers expenditures up to its limit when necessary. Subsequently, the driver must repay the bond issuer for the amount it disburses, as well as costs exceeding the bond’s limit.

As of 2022, 31 states allow drivers to provide a bond as an alternative to insurance to cover potential liability and damage costs.

Additionally, penalties for not having proper automobile insurance vary by state and severity. Consequences may include fines, points on your license, license or registration suspension, court and administrative fees for reinstatement of your license, and potential jail time depending on the extent of damage or liability involved.

4 Steps to Selecting Auto Insurance

Step 1: Determine Your State’s Requirements

Begin by checking the website of your state’s secretary of state office or department of motor vehicle office, depending on your state’s administrative structure.

Most states have basic coverage requirements, but you can customize your coverage depending on your budget and preferences.

(i) Medical Costs – Covers medical expenses for the policyholder (and any other injured party if the policyholder is at fault) beyond what is covered by the driver’s health insurance policy.

(ii) Uninsured / Underinsured Motorist – Protects you in the event of injury or personal property loss caused by an uninsured or underinsured motorist. This policy covers your costs for medical care and property damage.

Step 2: Assess Your Driving Patterns and Environment

Evaluate your driving circumstances, which embrace the value of your car, your driving frequency, accumulated miles, and your residential location.

Consider whether you reside in an area with a high or low frequency of crashes.

Consider the amount of time you spend behind the wheel on a weekly or monthly basis.

Assess your driving behaviour – are you a cautious driver or one who takes risks? Also, factor in the value of your car and whether it’s worth protecting.

These factors play a vital role in determining the appropriate level of coverage to purchase.

Step 3: Establish Your Budget

When making your auto insurance coverage decision based on cost, opting for the cheapest coverage may appear straightforward – it’s comparing one number to another.

However, a low-cost policy comes with trade-offs, and it’s essential to understand what you might be sacrificing. Consider aspects such as customer service accountability, support in times of need (e.g., coverage for tow trucks), and the speed of claims payout.

To gauge the quality of a low-cost coverage option, check ratings on platforms like the Better Business Bureau or Yelp!, where former users share their experiences.

Additionally, you might be asked to determine your deductible for certain policy details. This is the amount you’re willing to pay out of pocket before your coverage kicks in. A higher deductible can lead to lower coverage costs.

Deciding on your out-of-pocket expenses, whether per accident or policy period, is a crucial factor in determining the overall cost of your coverage.

If cost is not the sole deciding factor, there is a multitude of coverage options available to explore.

Step 4: Exploring Coverage Options

An insurance agent will likely discuss the following subjects with you, helping you navigate through these choices to avoid overpaying for coverage you may not need.

(i) Liability Coverage

Liability coverage offers financial assistance for costs you may be obliged to cover for others in an accident where you are deemed liable. It encompasses bodily injury or property damage caused by you.

The aim is to safeguard you from financial difficulty if you are held responsible for injury or damage in an automobile accident.

It’s recommended to carry sufficient liability insurance to protect your total assets, preventing the risk of losing your home and savings in the event of an accident.

Liability coverage typically involves per-person and per-accident limits for bodily injury, as well as property damage liability.

The more assets you have, the higher the liability coverage you may want to consider, but keep in mind that increasing coverage frequently comes with a higher policy price.

(ii) Uninsured/Underinsured Coverage

Even in states requiring automobile insurance for licensing or as evidence of financial responsibility, some drivers remain uninsured or underinsured.

In the event of an accident caused by such drivers, your ability to recover costs for medical bills and repairs may be limited unless you are insured against this situation.

The amount of coverage should be determined based on the value of your assets, especially your savings.

(iii) Collision/Comprehensive Coverage

Collision coverage addresses damage to your vehicle in any accident involving another vehicle. Comprehensive coverage, on the other hand, covers damage to your car in non-traffic circumstances such as weather-related damage, theft, or damage from thrown or falling objects.

These coverages protect the value of your vehicle, and the level of coverage required may depend on the age and value of your car.

(iv) Personal Injury Protection (PIP)

Some states mandate drivers to have Personal Injury Protection coverage. PIP safeguards the policyholder incurring personal expenses related to personal injury, including lost wages and lost abilities due to injury.

If your state requires PIP, it’s worth considering in conjunction with your health insurance. PIP can be especially valuable if you lack health insurance or have limited coverage.

(v) Beware of Sales Pitches

Auto insurance salespeople may be incentivized based on the policyholder’s initial payment, leading them to promote coverages that are not legally required and may be necessary.

Be meticulous and carefully evaluate whether additional coverages align with your needs and budget.


Choosing an auto insurance policy may seem overwhelming, but by following the steps detailed in this guide, you can make a well-informed decision tailored to your specific needs.

Begin by assessing your coverage needs, obtaining quotes from various insurance providers, and taking into account factors like the company’s financial stability, customer service reputation, and available coverage options.

Always review the policy details, raise any necessary questions, and address any uncertainties before reaching a final decision.


What factors determine the cost of auto insurance?

Auto insurance costs are influenced by various factors, including your driving record, the type of coverage you choose, your vehicle’s make and model, your location, and even your credit score. Understanding these factors can help you anticipate and manage your insurance expenses.

How much auto insurance coverage do I need?

The amount of coverage you need depends on various factors, such as your financial situation, the value of your assets, and your risk tolerance. It’s crucial to strike a balance between adequate coverage to protect your assets and avoiding unnecessary expenses. Assess your needs and consult with an insurance agent for personalized advice.

Are there discounts available to lower my insurance premiums?

Yes, many insurance providers offer discounts that can help reduce your premiums. Common discounts include safe driver discounts, multi-policy discounts (combining auto and home insurance, for example), and discounts for certain safety features in your vehicle. Inquire about available discounts to maximize your savings.

How does my deductible affect my insurance premium?

The deductible is the amount you agree to pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in. Choosing a higher deductible can lower your premium but means you’ll pay more in case of a claim. Conversely, a lower deductible typically results in higher premiums. Consider your financial situation and risk tolerance when deciding on an appropriate deductible.

What should I do if I’m involved in an accident?

In the unfortunate event of an accident, it’s essential to stay calm. First, ensure everyone’s safety and seek medical attention if necessary. Exchange information with the other party involved, and report the incident to your insurance provider as soon as possible. Familiarize yourself with your policy coverage beforehand to understand what expenses will be covered in such situations.

Leave a Comment